|The Balkan Alliance
The Neoturks, after the proclamation of the Turkish constitution, and when viceroy of Egypt was Ampas Hilmi Passa, they removed all privileges had been given to the island by Muhammad Ali. Thassos remained under the rule of Ampas Hilmi until the Balkan Wars and then was liberated by the Greek army and fleet (October 1912).
Since then it comprises a part of the Greek Republic, as resulted from the Bucharest Treaty. During the Turkish reoccupation (1902-1912), teachers, priests and literaries cultured the national conscience of the people. Thus, September of 1912 found the Greek people patriotically, psychologically and mentally ready to fight together with the Serbs and Bulgarians in order to shake off the Ottoman yoke from the islands and the territory around the Mountain Olympus.
In June of 1912, the Bulgarians attacked the Serbs in Gevgeli and the Greeks in the liberated areas, a fact that set the start of the 2nd Balkan War. That time also started the activity of the Greek fleet in Aegean Sea which in October 1912 led admiral Kountouriotis to sign the proclamation. In the 18th of the same month, the strew-cans of the fleet “lance” and “storm” together with the troopship “Pellos” occupied Thassos. After the liberation of Thassos, Constantine Mellas, brother of the famous Macedonian-fighter Paulos Mellas, is appointed as a temporary commander. In a letter that he sent to Penelope Delta, he refers to Thassos as the most beautiful Greek island, a paradise with genuine Greeks, unshakably patriots and sensitive people.
Right after the liberation of Thassos, the professor of Athens University Georgios Sotiriades was sent there, the first Greek curator of antiquities and Christian monuments of the island.
As refered to the years between 1920-1940 period, the most important events of the island were the arrival of the refugees of the Asia Minor and Thrace after the Destruction of 1922, and the expropriation of the real estate of the Agion Oros monasteries, which was shared to the inhabitants to the island, after an initiative of the private member Augustos Theologitis.